Smelling Sense of CatCat Care > Adaptations of the Cat > Smelling Sense of Cat
Have ever wandered your esteemed thoughts on the fact that a catís nose is 14 times stronger than human beings? Itís basically because of the fact that the nasal organ is comparatively larger than that of humans. A cat smelling sense is more powerful than humans.
Another important factor we donít know is that the nose of a cat is the only organ for its survival. Yes; believe it or not, but itís true! A cat uses its own nose to sniff food, find mates, enemies and to seek out its own territory which he/she has marked some time before. Thus, it could be easily said that a catís world is more of a world of scent and odors. This is a natural way for a cat adaptation in any surrounding. Letís see some of the functions of the nose of the cat:
To smell food - The common use of a nose for any organism on this earth would be to smell the food and any kind of scent and odor. Cat is also no exception. The first use of the nose for them is to sniff food and search it. The smelling sense of cat is so powerful that right after its birth, a blind kitten will use her smelling sense to locate food and her mother. In order to let your cat smell the food and locate it easily to enjoy a hearty meal, just heat the food a bit to enhance the odor. To locate a mate- Female cats when in ďheatĒ leave a scent from their body thatís smelled by male cats even from grater distances. Thus, it shall be really enjoyable for you to see her using her sense of smelling to call a mate. To establish the territory- Suppose a cat has visited a place some time ago, it leaves a footprint of her right there and uses the smelling sense to locate the place even after so many days and months. This is exceptional; no other organism is able to do that so convincingly.
Warn against danger and enemies Cats also use their smelling power to know if there is any danger or enemies in the vicinity. Once they determine that, they play it safely. The most prominent sign to understand that they are looking for dangers or enemies around is the nostrils are open. Thus, we got an idea on what the power of smelling sense of a cat is. These special attributes of the cat makes them smart and quick enough to live on the edge and enjoy it too.
Cats have an acute and highly developed sense of smell and, in common with many mammals, possess a special pair of small olfactory organs located near the roof of the mouth. The vomeronasal, or Jacobson's organs, contain cells that are sensitive to chemical odors and, when stimulated, transmit signals along nerve pathways to the brain where these can be identified and interpreted.
Occasionally a cat can be seen 'snuffing' a scent and curling its lip as though in disgust. In fact, what the cat is doing is directing the air it is inhaling through the vomeronasal organs better to detect the chemical particles that it contains. The part of the brain concerned with the interpretation of odors is relatively large, showing the importance of this sense in the life of a cat. The animal uses its olfactory sense to detect and interpret the scent messages, or pheromones, left by other cats in the area. This means that cats have a means of chemical communication, used primarily to advertise their sexual status and, for males, to mark their territory.